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Scobel

Fakultäten » Theologische Fakultät » Hermeneutik und Religionsphilosophie, Institut für » Prof. Dr. Ingolf Ulrich Dalferth (emeritiert) » Scobel

Completed research project

Title / Titel Pluralisms - towards a theory of complex systems
PDF Abstract (PDF, 14 KB)
Original title / Originaltitel Pluralismus - Überlegungen zu einer Theorie komplexer Systeme
Summary / Zusammenfassung The thesis deals with one main question: What is the structure of pluralism and complexity? In a first part some important aspects of the history of philosophy and theology are presented. The main interest is to find out whether or not these theories provide a solid ground for the understanding of factual complex systems. The main focus is on Nikolaus von Cues, William James, Gilles Deleuze und Ludwig Wittgenstein. In the context of the discussion within the field of the history of religion the question of the connection between the pluralism of forms of life, violence and religion is addressed (René Girard).

The second part presents todays scientific theories dealing with the topic of pluralism and complexity such as the theory of complexity, the theory of self organization and emergence and chaos theory. Some of the basic outlines of a theory of complexity are presented (Ilya Prigogine, Manfred Eigen, Stuart Kauffman, Klaus Mainzer, Heinz-Otto Peitgen, Hermann Haken, George Kampis u.a.).

Part number three deals with the question whether or not a change in the philosophical and theological understanding of complexity is necessary. An outline or frame of “theories of complexity” (a “naturalized” philosophical theory) will be sketched.

The goal of the thesis is to arrive at an understanding of complexity which is “closer to life”, i.e. to factual complexity and the fact of plurality within the world and thinking. Complexity and pluralism are seen as basic structures of the world and ourunderstanding of it.
Publications / Publikationen Gert Scobel: Chaos, Selbstorganisation und das Erhabene, in: CHRISTINE PRIES (Hg.), Das Erhabene. Zwischen Grenzerfahrung und Größenwahn, Weinheim 1989, 277-294.

Gert Scobel: Postmoderne für Theologen? Hermeneutik des Widerstreits und Bildende Theologie, in: HANS-JOACHIM HÖHN (Hg.), Theologie die an der Zeit ist, Paderborn/München/Wien/Zürich 1992, 175-229.

Keywords / Suchbegriffe Pluralism; Complexity; Structure; Unity; Theology; Natural Sciences
Project leadership and contacts /
Projektleitung und Kontakte
Gert Scobel (Project Leader) gert.scobel@t-online.de
Other links to external web pages http://www.3sat.de/scobel
Funding source(s) /
Unterstützt durch
No project-specific funding
 
In collaboration with /
In Zusammenarbeit mit
Prof. Dr. Ingolf U. Dalferth
Theologische Fakutät
Universität Zürich
Kirchgasse 9
8001 Zürich
Switzerland
Duration of Project / Projektdauer Jan 2006 to Aug 2013