Calchi Novati

Fakultäten » Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät » Physik-Institut » Prof. Dr. Philippe Jetzer » Calchi Novati

Completed research project

Title / Titel POINT-AGAPE pixel lensing survey of M 31. Evidence for a MACHO contribution to galactic halos
PDF Abstract (PDF, 14 KB)
Summary / Zusammenfassung The POINT-AGAPE collaboration is carrying out a search for gravitational microlensing toward M 31 to reveal galactic dark matter in the form of MACHOs (Massive Astrophysical Compact Halo Objects) in the halos of the Milky Way and M 31. A high-threshold analysis of 3 years of data yields 6 bright, short-duration microlensing events, which are confronted to a simulation of the observations and the analysis. The observed signal is much larger than expected from self lensing alone and we conclude, at the 95% confidence level, that at least 20% of the halo mass in the direction of M 31 must be in the form of MACHOs if their average mass lies in the range 0.5-1 M (solar). This lower bound drops to 8% for MACHOs with masses ~0.01 M (solar). In addition, we discuss a likely binary microlensing candidate with caustic crossing. Its location, some 32' away from the centre of M 31, supports our conclusion that we are detecting a MACHO signal in the direction of M 31.
Publications / Publikationen Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 443, Issue 3,
December I 2005, pp.911-928
Keywords / Suchbegriffe galaxies: halos, gravitational lensing, dark matter,, galaxies: individual: M 31
Project leadership and contacts /
Projektleitung und Kontakte
Dr. S. Calchi Novati (Project Leader)  
Prof Dr. Philippe Jetzer  
Funding source(s) /
Unterstützt durch
Universität Zürich (position pursuing an academic career), Foundation
Duration of Project / Projektdauer Dec 2004 to Dec 2005