Fakultäten » Philosophische Fakultät » Romanisches Seminar » Italienische Linguistik » Prof. Dr. Michele Loporcaro » Loporcaro

Completed research project

Title / Titel Romance comparative syntax in a typological perspective
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Original title / Originaltitel Sintassi comparata romanza in prospettiva tipologica
Summary / Zusammenfassung The project deals with some selected syntactic constructions occurring in the Romance languages, including in particular perfective periphrastics (e.g. Sono partito 'I've left') and participial clauses ('participial absolutes': e.g. Partiti gli ospiti, la festa è finita 'the guests having left, the party was over'). In both areas, syntactic change intervened, reshaping clause structure wrt. Latin and then progressively introducing syntactic differences among the Romance languages.
The project specially focuses on two crucial domains. On the one hand, it aims at providing a comprehensive account of Romance variation in auxiliary selection ('have' vs. 'be'), including a description of auxiliation systems occurring in the Italian dialects which involve a three-way choice (a fact that has gone unnoticed so far, in the huge literature on the topic). On the other hand, the project will provide a comprehensive account of the syntax of participial clauses.
The main goal is that of placing the empirical phenomena observed within the framework of the cross-linguistic typology of alignment systems. This was already done, for past participle agreement, in M. Loporcaro, Sintassi comparata dell'accordo participiale romanzo, Turin, Rosenberg & Sellier 1998. Two parallel monographs, to be worked out as part of the present project, will do the same for auxiliation and participial clauses.
Publications / Publikationen M. Loporcaro, La selezione dell'ausiliare nei dialetti italiani: dati e teorie, in Federico Albano Leoni, Rosanna Sornicola, Eleonora Stenta Krosbakken e Carolina Stromboli (eds.), Dati empirici e teorie linguistiche, Atti del XXXIII Congresso della Società di Linguistica Italiana, Napoli, 28-30 ottobre 1999, Roma, Bulzoni 2001, 455-476.

M. Loporcaro, Lorenza Pescia e Maria Ana Ramos, Costrutti dipendenti participiali e participi doppi in portoghese, «Revue de linguistique romane» LXVIII (2004), 15-46.

M. Loporcaro, The Unaccusative Hypothesis and participial absolutes in Italian. Perlmutter's generalization revised, «Rivista di Linguistica/Italian Journal of Linguistics» XV,2 (2003), 199-263.

M. Loporcaro, Sintassi romanza, ovviamente comparata: il caso del participio assoluto, in Wolfgang Dahmen, Günter Holtus, Johannes Kramer, Michael Metzeltin, Wolfgang Schweickard and Otto Winkelmann (eds.), Was kann eine vergleichende romanische Sprachwissenschaft heute (noch) leisten Romanistisches Kolloquium XX, Tübingen, Gunter Narr Verlag 2006, 207-221.

M. Loporcaro, On triple auxiliation in Romance, «Linguistics» XLV (2007), 173-222.

M. Loporcaro, L’allineamento attivo-inattivo e il rapporto fra lessico e morfosintassi, in Emanuela Cresti (ed.), Prospettive nello studio del lessico italiano, Atti del IX Congresso SILFI (Firenze, 14-17 giugno 2006), Firenze: Firenze University Press 2008, vol. I, 311-320.

M. Loporcaro, Perfective auxiliation in Italo-Romance: the complementarity of historical and modern cross-dialectal evidence, in Adam Ledgeway, Paola Benincà and Nigel Vincent (eds.), Diachrony and Dialects: Grammatical Change in the Dialects of Italy, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2014, 48-70.

M. Loporcaro, Perfective auxiliation with reflexives in Medieval Romance: syntactic vs. semantic gradients, in Rolf Kailuweit and Malte Rosemeyer (eds.), Auxiliary Selection Revisited: Gradience and Gradualness, Berlin – New York, De Gruyter 2015, 43-77

M. Loporcaro, Auxiliary selection and participial agreement, in Adam Ledgeway and Martin Maiden (eds.), The Oxford guide to the Romance languages, Oxford, Oxford University Press 2016, 802-818.

Keywords / Suchbegriffe Romance linguistics, Italian Dialectology, Syntax, Language Change, Linguistic Typology
Project leadership and contacts /
Projektleitung und Kontakte
Prof. Dr. Michele Loporcaro (Project Leader)
Lic. phil. Lorenza Pescia
Funding source(s) /
Unterstützt durch
Duration of Project / Projektdauer Oct 2004 to Sep 2010