Forschungsdatenbank

Projektübersicht
Login
Suche

Ruch Proyer

Fakultäten » Philosophische Fakultät » Psychologisches Institut » Persönlichkeitspsychologie und Diagnostik » Prof. Dr. Willibald Ruch » Ruch Proyer

Completed research project

Title / Titel Gelotophobia (the fear of being laughed at): Assessment and application
PDF Abstract (PDF, 14 KB)
Summary / Zusammenfassung The project focuses on the behavioural definition and measurement of Gelotophobia--the fear of being laughed at, as well as the causes and consequences. The concept originates from clinical observations, but was recently verified empirically (Ruch, 2004, Ruch and Proyer, 2008a) in questionnaire studies of clinical groups (by separating gelotophobics from other shame-based neurotics, not shame-based neurotics, and controls) and by means of an experimental laughter perception task and a projective social situation test (Ruch, Altfreder & Proyer, 2009) using high and low scorer on the Geloph (a measure of Gelotophobia, Ruch & Titze, 1998, Ruch & Proyer, 2008b). Validation of the scale is provided by correlations to intelligence tests (Proyer & Ruch, 2009a) and measures of personality (Ruch & Proyer, 2009; Ruch, Proyer & Popa, 2009) and character (Proyer & Ruch, 2009b). The emotions of Gelotophobics were studied (e.g., Papousek, Ruch, Freudenthaler, Kogler, Lang, & Schulter, 2009) and they turn out that gelotophobes are characterized to be fearful, shameful and joyless (Platt & Ruch, 2009). Furthermore, their stance to different forms of humor and laughter was explored (Ruch, Beermann & Proyer, 2009). Furthermore, putative causes (e.g. exposure to mockery during childhood) and consequences (e.g., psychosomatic complaints) of Gelotophobia are studied (Ruch, Proyer & Ventis, 2009). The fear of being laughed at is more prevalent among psychiatic patients, especially patients with personality disorders (Forabosco, Ruch, & Nucera, 2009). Future research will study the incidence rate of Gelotophobia in different groups (clinical, vocational, students and pupils) and relate it to bullying. The prevalence of Gelotophobic symptoms in different countries (at present: more than 70) will be examined using translations of the scale.
Publications / Publikationen Forabosco, G., Ruch, W., & Nucera, P. (2009). The fear of being laughed at among psychiatric patients. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1-2), 233-251. doi: 10.1515/HUMR.2009.011

Papousek, I., Ruch, W., Freudenthaler, H. H., Kogler, E., Lang, B., & Schulter, G. (2009). Gelotophobia, emotion-related skills and responses to the affective states of others. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 58–63. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2009.01.047

Platt, T., & Ruch, W. (2009). The emotions of gelotophobes: Shameful, fearful and joyless? Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1-2), 91-110. doi:10.1515/HUMR.2009.005

Platt, T., & Ruch, W. (2010). Gelotophobia and age: Do disposition towards ridicule and being laughed at predict coping with age-related vulnerabilities? Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52, 231-244.

Platt, T., Proyer, R. T., & Ruch, W. (2009). Gelotophobia and bullying: The assessment of the fear of being laughed at and its application among bullying victims. Psychology Science Quarterly, 51, 135-147.

Platt, T., Ruch, W., Hofmann, J., & Proyer, R. T. (2012). Extreme fear of being laughed at: Components of gelotophobia. The Israeli Journal of Humor Research: An International Journal, 1, 86-106.

Platt, T., Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2010). A lifetime of the fear of being laughed at: An aged perspective. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 43, 36-41. doi:10.1007/s00391-009-0083-z

Proyer, R. T., Wellenzohn, S., & Ruch, W. (2014). Character and dealing with laughter: The relation of self- and peer-reported strengths of character with gelotophobia, gelotophilia, and katagelasticism. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 148, 113-132. doi:10.1080/00223980.2012.752336

Ruch, W. (Ed.). (2009). Fearing humor? Gelotophobia: the fear of being laughed at [Special Issue]. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1/2).

Ruch, W. (2009). Fearing humor? Gelotophobia: The fear of being laughed at. Introduction and overview. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1-2), 1-25. doi:10.1515/HUMOR.2008.002

Ruch, W., Altfreder, O., & Proyer, R. T. (2009). How do gelotophobes interpret laughter in ambiguous situations? An experimental validation of the concept. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1-2), 63-89. doi:10.1515/HUMR.2009.004

Ruch, W., Beermann, U., & Proyer, R. T. (2009). Investigating the humor of gelotophobes: Does feeling ridiculous equal being humorless? Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1-2), 111-143. doi:10.1515/HUMR.2009.006

Ruch, W., Harzer, C., & Proyer, R. T. (2013). Beyond being timid, witty, and cynical: Big Five personality characteristics of gelotophobes, gelotophiles, and katagelasticists. The Israeli Journal of Humor Research: An International Journal, 2, 2-20.

Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2008). The fear of being laughed at: Individual and group differences in gelotophobia. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 21, 47-67. doi:10.1515/HUMR.2009.009

Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2008). Who is gelotophobic? Assessment criteria for the fear of being laughed at. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 67, 19-27. doi:10.1024/1421-0185.67.1.19

Ruch, W., Proyer, R. T., & Popa, D. E. (2008). The fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia) and personality. In: Anuarul Institutului de Istorie “G. Baritiu” din Cluj-Napoca (Ed.), Series Humanistica (Vol. VI, p. 53-68). Cluj-Napoca: Romania.

Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2009). Who fears being laughed at? The location of gelotophobia in the PEN-model of personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 627-630. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2009.01.004

Ruch, W., Proyer, R. T., & Ventis, L. (2010). The relationship of teasing in childhood to the expression of gelotophobia in adults. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52, 77-93.

Samson, A. C., Proyer, R. T., Ceschi, G., Pedrini, P. P., & Ruch, W. (2011). The fear of being laughed at in Switzerland: Are there regional differences and the role of positive psychology. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 70, 53-62. doi:10.1024/1421-0185/a000039

Weitere Informationen

Keywords / Suchbegriffe laughter, phobia, shame, gelotophobia, bullying
Project leadership and contacts /
Projektleitung und Kontakte
Prof. Dr. Willibald Ruch (Project Leader) w.ruch@psychologie.uzh.ch
Dr. René Proyer (Project Leader) r.proyer@psychologie.uzh.ch
Other links to external web pages http://gelotophobia.org/ (self-assessment in English)
http://www.charakterstaerken.org/ (Fragebogen online in deutscher Sprache)
Funding source(s) /
Unterstützt durch
Others
 
Duration of Project / Projektdauer Jan 2005 to Dec 2009