Fakultäten » Philosophische Fakultät » Psychologisches Institut » Persönlichkeitspsychologie und Diagnostik » Prof. Dr. Willibald Ruch » Ruch

Completed research project

Title / Titel Personality Profiles of Cultures: Informant Ratings of Individuals and Nations
PDF Abstract (PDF, 14 KB)
Summary / Zusammenfassung McCrae (2002) studied personality reanalyzing NEO-PI-R data (a questionnaire measure of the "big five" factors of personality) collected in over 30 countries. However, comparisons with judges? ratings suggested that mean personality profiles do not have a straightforward correspondence to stereotypes or expert judgments of national character. Further, all the data were from self-reports, and it is possible that biases in self-report responding are responsible for the results. The present project involves many more countries on all continents. The first study will involve mean NEO-PI-R profiles based on informant ratings of personality, with targets varying systematically in age and gender. There will be males and females and individuals in college age and adults older than 40 years. The targets will be asked to fill in the NEO-PI-R questionnaireas well. In a second part of the study, judgments of national character from lay raters will be analyzed. This National Character Survey, based on the work of Peabody (1985) consists of a page of instructions and two sheets of 30 bipolar items corresponding to the 30 facets of the NEO-PI-R. Results of both studies will involve the comparison of personality across world regions and across countries.
Publications / Publikationen McCrae, R.R., Terracciano, A., W. Ruch, et al. (2005). Universal Features of Personality Traits from the Observer’s Perspective: Data from 42 Cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 547-561. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.88.3.547

McCrae, R.R., Terracciano, A., W. Ruch, et al. (2005). Personality profiles of cultures: Aggregate personality traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 407-425. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.89.3.407

Terracciano, A., ….. W. Ruch, et al. (79 members of the personality profiles of cultures project) et al. (2005). National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures. Science, 310, 96-100. doi:10.1126/science.1117199

Keywords / Suchbegriffe Personality, cross-cultural research, national character, Big Five Model of personality
Project leadership and contacts /
Projektleitung und Kontakte
Prof. Dr. W. Ruch (Project Leader)
Other links to external web pages
Funding source(s) /
Unterstützt durch
In collaboration with /
In Zusammenarbeit mit
Robert R. McCrae, Box #03
Gerontology Research Center
5600 Nathan Shock Drive
Baltimore, MD 21224-6825
United States
Antonio Terracciano
National Institute on Aging, NIH, DHHS
Gerontology Research Center
5600 Nathan Shock Drive
Baltimore, MD 21224
United States
Duration of Project / Projektdauer Jan 2003 to Jun 2004