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Ruch

Fakultäten » Philosophische Fakultät » Psychologisches Institut » Persönlichkeitspsychologie und Diagnostik » Prof. Dr. Willibald Ruch » Ruch

Completed research project

Title / Titel Measurement of components of humor: Test development and evaluation
PDF Abstract (PDF, 14 KB)
Summary / Zusammenfassung There is no agreement on the definition or measurement of what humor is, but a broad range of approaches exist (Ruch 2007, 2008). In the past, researchers either identified core ingredients (e.g., “being able to laugh at oneself”, “the ability to perceive, interpret and create humor”) or proposed multicomponent models in only one domain of humor (e.g., of appreciation of jokes and cartoons, of uses of humor, of putatively healthy or unhealthy humor styles); i.e., a comprehensive approach is missing. This project deals with a series of studies that aim at evaluating existing approaches and instruments but also providing new concepts and new measurement instruments for specific components of humor with the final goal of developing a structural model of the sense of humor (Ruch, 2012). The evaluation of existing approaches covers, among others, the work dealing with the State-Trait Cheerfulness Inventory (STCI; Ruch, Köhler, & van Thriel 1996, 1997); see Carretero-Dios, Eid, and Ruch (2011), Delgado-Rico, Carretero-Dios, & Ruch (2012), or Ruch et al. (2011), the Humor Styles Questionnaire (Martin et al, 2003; Ruch & Heintz, 2013), the Humorous Behavior Q-Sort deck (HBQD; Craik et al. 1996), McGhee's Sense of Humor Scale (McGhee, 1999; see Beermann & Ruch, 2011; Müller & Ruch, 2011; Proyer, Ruch, & Müller, 2010), and humor as a strength (Müller & Ruch, 2011; Ruch et al., 2010ab). Once the necessary components are identified a multimode assessment of the sense of humor and its components will be aspired.
Publications / Publikationen Beermann, U., & Ruch, W. (2011). Can people really laugh at themselves? Experimental and correlational evidence. Emotion, 11, 492-501. doi:10.1037/a0023444

Carretero-Dios, H., Eid, M., & Ruch, W. (2011). Analyzing multitrait-mulitmethod data with multilevel confirmatory factor analysis: An application to the validation of the State-Trait Cheerfulness Inventory. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 153-164. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2010.12.007

Carretero-Dios, H., Benítez, I., Delgado-Rico, E., Ruch, W., & López-Benítez, R. (2014). Temperamental basis of sense of humor: The Spanish long form of the trait version of the State-Trait-Cheerfulness-Inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, 68, 77-82. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.03.045

Delgado-Rico, E., Carretero-Dios, H., & Ruch, W. (2012). Content validity evidences in test development: An applied perspective. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 12, 449-460.

Heintz, S. & Ruch, W. (2015). An examination of the convergence between the conceptualization and the measurement of humor styles: A study of the construct validity of the Humor Styles Questionnaire. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 28, 611–633. doi:10.1515/humor-2015-0095

Hofmann, J., & Ruch, W. (2014). Cheerfulness, seriousness, and humor. In S. Attardo (Ed.), Encyclopedia of humor studies (Vol. 1, pp. 118-120). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Müller, L., & Ruch, W. (2011). Humor and strengths of character. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 6, 368-376. doi:10.1080/17439760.2011.592508

Platt, T. & Ruch, W. (2014). 3 WD Humor Test. In S. Attardo (Ed.), Encyclopedia of humor studies (Vol. 2, pp. 763-765). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Proyer, R. T., Ruch, W., & Müller, L. (2010). Sense of humor among the elderly: Findings with the German version of the SHS. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 43, 19-24. doi:10.1007/s00391-009-0082-0

Proyer, R. T., Ruch, W., & Chen, G.-H. (2012). Gelotophobia: Life satisfaction and happiness across cultures. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 25, 23-40. doi:10.1515/humor-2012-0002

Proyer, R. T., & Rodden, F. A. (2013). Is the homo ludens cheerful and serious at the same time? An empirical study of Hugo Rahner’s notion of Ernstheiterkeit. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 35,213-231. doi:10.1163/15736121-12341262

Proyer, R. T. (2014). A psycho-linguistic approach for studying adult playfulness: A replication and extension toward relations with humor. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 148, 717-735. doi:10.1080/00223980.2013.826165

Ruch, W. (in press). Cheerfulness. In A. C. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.

Ruch, W. (2007). The sense of humor: Explorations of a personality characteristic (2nd ed). Berlin, Germany: Mouton de Gruyter.

Ruch, W. (2008). Psychology of humor. In V. Raskin (Ed.), The primer of humor research (pp. 17-100). Berlin, Germany: Mouton de Gruyter.

Ruch, W., Proyer, R. T., & Weber, M. (2010). Humor as character strength among the elderly: Theoretical considerations. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 43, 8-12. doi:10.1007/s00391-009-0080-2

Ruch, W., Proyer, R. T., & Weber, M. (2010). Humor as character strength among the elderly: Empirical findings on age-related changes and its contribution to satisfaction with life. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 43, 13-18. doi:10.1007/s00391-009-0090-0

Ruch, W., & Auerbach, S. (2011). Die vielen Gesichter des Humors: Eine psychologische Betrachtung. Informationen zur Deutschdidaktik: Zeitschrift für den Deutschunterricht in Wissenschaft und Schule, 35(2), 18-27.

Ruch, W., Proyer, R. T., Esser, C., & Mitrache, O. (2011). Cheerfulness and everyday humorous conduct. In Romanian Academy: Yearbook of the 'George Baritiu' Institute of History in Cluj-Napoca (Ed.), Series Humanistica (pp. 67-87, Vol. IX). Bucharest, Romania: Romanian Academy Publishing House.

Ruch, W. (2012). Humor und Charakter [Humor and character]. In B. Wild (Ed.), Humor in Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie (S. 8-27). Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer.

Ruch, W. (2012). Towards a new structural model of the sense of humor: Preliminary findings. AAAI Technical Report FS-12-02. (available online: https://aaai.org/ocs/index.php/FSS/FSS12/rt/metadata/5652/0)

Ruch, W. & Platt, T. (2012). Separating content and structure in humor appreciation: The need for a bimodal model and support from research into aesthetics. In A. Nijhold (Eds.), Proceedings of the International workshop on Computational Humor (TWLT14; pp. 57-70). Enschede, The Netherlands: University of Twente.

Ruch, W., & Heintz, S. (2013). Humour styles, personality, and psychological well-being: What’s humour got to do with it? European Journal of Humour Research, 1(4), 1-24.

Ruch, W., Harzer, C., & Proyer, R. T. (2013). Beyond being timid, witty, and cynical: Big Five personality characteristics of gelotophobes, gelotophiles, and katagelasticists. International Studies in Humour, 2, 24-42.

Ruch, W. (2014). Cheerfulness. In A. C. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research (pp. 658-662). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.

Ruch, W. & Heintz, S. (2014). Factor analysis of humor scales. In S. Attardo (Ed.), Encyclopedia of humor studies (Vol. 1, pp. 228-231). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ruch, W. & Heintz, S. (2014). Test measurements of humor. In S. Attardo (Ed.), Encyclopedia of humor studies (Vol. 2, pp. 759-761). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ruch, W. & Hofmann, J. (2014). Factor analysis of humor items. In S. Attardo (Ed.), Encyclopedia of humor studies (Vol. 1, pp. 227-228). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ruch, W., Hofmann, J., Platt, T., & Proyer, R. T. (2014). The state-of-the art in gelotophobia research: A review and some theoretical extensions. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 27, 23-45. doi:10.1515/humor-2013-0046

Samson, A. C., Huber, O., & Ruch, W. (2013). Seven decades after Hans Asperger’s observations: A comprehensive study of humor in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 26, 441-460. doi:10.1515/humor-2013-0026

Weber, M., Ruch, W., Riemann, R., Spinath, F. M., & Angleitner, A. (2014). A twin study on humor appreciation: The importance of separating structure and content. Journal of Individual Differences, 35, 130-136. doi:10.1027/1614-0001/a000136

Project leadership and contacts /
Projektleitung und Kontakte
Prof. Dr. Willibald Ruch (Project Leader) w.ruch@psychologie.uzh.ch
Dipl.psych. Sonja Heintz s.heintz@psychologie.uzh.ch
Funding source(s) /
Unterstützt durch
No project-specific funding
 
Duration of Project / Projektdauer Jan 2011 to Apr 2017