Fakultäten » Philosophische Fakultät » Psychologisches Institut » Persönlichkeitspsychologie und Diagnostik » Prof. Dr. Willibald Ruch » Platt

Completed research project

Title / Titel Dispositions to being laughed at and ridicule and aging
PDF Abstract (PDF, 14 KB)
Summary / Zusammenfassung This project focuses on the stability of laughter strategies through the lifespan but particularly interest on the over 60 year olds. Gelotophobia, gelotophilia and katagelasticism have been shown to be useful concepts for explaining individual differences in being laughed at, using the empirically verified instrument, the PhoPhiKat contains 45 items measuring the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia), the joy of being laughed at (gelotophilia), and the joy of laughing at others (katagelasticism). Scenarios have proved an excellent tool in measuring the emotional profiles of gelotophobes (Platt, 2008) and this method has been employed again to evaluate how older people apply, or are affected by, the perception of being laughed at, when faced with known vulnerabilities of older age. Although, so far, no correlation with age has been found in Gelotophobia (Ruch & Proyer, 2008), it is not yet known if gelotophilia or katagelasticism is age related or if any of these laughter strategies are stable and long lasting or if different strategies are used at different times throughout the lifespan.
Publications / Publikationen Platt, T. (2008). Emotional responses to ridicule and teasing: Should gelotophobes react differently? Humor: The International Journal of Humor Research, 21, 105-128. doi:10.1515/HUMOR.2008.005

Platt, T., & Forabosco G. (2013). Gelotophobia: The fear of being laughed at. In P. Gremigni (Ed.), Humor and health promotion (pp. 229-253). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

Ruch, W. & Platt, T. (in press). Smiling and laughter: expressive patterns. In S. Attardo (Ed.), Encyclopedia of humor studies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Platt, T., & Ruch, W. (2010). Gelotophobia and age: Do disposition towards ridicule and being laughed at predict coping with age-related vulnerabilities? Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52, 231-244.

Platt, T., Ruch, W., Hofmann, J., & Proyer, R. T. (2012). Extreme fear of being laughed at: Components of gelotophobia. The Israeli Journal of Humor Research: An International Journal, 1, 86-106.

Platt, T., Ruch, W. & Proyer, R.T. (2010). A lifetime of the fear of being laughed at: An aged perspective. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 43, 36-41. doi:10.1007/s00391-009-0083-z

Proyer, R. T., Neukom, M., Platt, T., & Ruch, W. (2012). Assessing gelotophobia, gelotophilia, and katagelasticism in children: An initial study on how six to nine-year-olds deal with laughter and ridicule and how this relates to bullying and victimization. Child Indicators Research, 5, 297-316. doi:10.1007/s12187-011-9127-1

Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2008). The fear of being laughed at: Individual and group differences in gelotophobia. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 21, 47-67. doi:10.1515/HUMR.2009.009

Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2009). Extending the study of gelotophobia: On gelotophiles and katagelasticists. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1-2), 183-212. doi: 10.1515/HUMR.2009.00

Keywords / Suchbegriffe Laughter, phobia, gelotophilia, katagelasticism
Project leadership and contacts /
Projektleitung und Kontakte
MSc Tracey Platt (Project Leader)
Other links to external web pages
Funding source(s) /
Unterstützt durch
Universität Zürich (position pursuing an academic career), No project-specific funding
Duration of Project / Projektdauer May 2009 to Jun 2011