|Title / Titel||GELOPH and PhoPhiKat: Adaptations of scales to different cultures|
|Abstract (PDF, 14 KB)|
|Summary / Zusammenfassung||Soon after the concepts of gelotophobia (Titze, 1996, 2009), gelotophilia, and katagelasticism (Ruch & Proyer, 2009) were introduced and the need for reliable and valid assessment instruments arose. Studying the experiential world of gelotophobes led to the GELOPH<15>, a 15-item instrument for the measurement of individual differences in the fear of being laughed at (Ruch & Proyer, 2008a, 2008b). The GELOPH<15> was used in a variety of validation studies, primarily with German speaking participants. To facilitate the cross-national comparision of gelotophobia, the instrument was translated into 42 languages (followed by an independent back-translation). Moreover, it seemed advisable to have adaptations of the scale to major languages including validation data. Meanwhile the scale was adapted (and validated) for use with English speaking participants (Platt, Proyer & Ruch, 2009) and used in studies with American, Australian, Canadian, English, Irish, Scottish etc. participants. Furthermore, based on the English version adaptations exists for use with Arab (Kazarian, Ruch, & Proyer, 2009), Chinese (Chen, Liao, Proyer, & Ruch, 2009), Czech and Slovak (Hrebickova, Fickova, Klementova, Ruch, & Proyer, 2009), Danish (Führ, Proyer, & Ruch, 2009), English (Platt, Proyer, & Ruch, 2009), French (Samson, Thibault, Proyer, & Ruch, 2010), Hebrew (Sarid, Ruch, & Proyer, in press), Italian (Forabosco, Dore, Ruch, & Proyer, in press), Polish (Chlopicki, Radomska, Proyer, & Ruch, in press), Romanian (Ruch, Proyer, & Popa, 2008), Russian (Stefanenko, Ivanova, Enikopolov, Proyer, & Ruch, in press), and Spanish (Carretero-Dios, Proyer, Ruch, & Rubio, 2009) participants. Further adaptations (e.g., Bulgarian, Thai, etc.) are underway.
The PhoPhiKat-45 (Ruch & Proyer, 2009) is a 45 item instrument for the measurement of gelotophobia (i.e., the fear of being laughed at), gelotophilia (i.e., the joy of being laughed at), and katagelasticism (i.e., the joy of laughing at others). The short scale consists of 30 items. The scale was originally designed for use with German speaking participants (Ruch & Proyer, 2009) and an English translation has been used in Platt and Ruch (2010). A Chinese version has also been published recently (Chen, Chan, Ruch, & Proyer, in press). Further translations (e.g., French, Russian) are underway and will be examined soon.
|Publications / Publikationen||Carretero-Dios, H., Proyer, R. T., Ruch, W., & Rubio V. J. (2010). The Spanish version of the GELOPH<15>: Properties of a questionnaire for the assessment of the fear of being laughed at. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 10, 345-357.Chen, G.-H., Liao, C.-c., Proyer, R. T., & Ruch, W. (2009). A summary on research in Gelotophobia. China Journal of Health Psychology, 17, 893-895.Chen, G.-H., Liao, C.-c., Proyer, R. T., & Ruch, W. (2010). Gelophobia in China: One the assessment of the fear of being laughed at. China Journal of Health Psychology, 18, 887-889. (in Chinese)Chen, H. C., Chan, Y. C., Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2011). Evaluating the reliability and validity of a traditional Chinese version of the PhoPhiKat-45. Psychological Testing, 58, 119-145.Chen, H.-C., Yu-Chen Chan, Y.-C., Ruch, W. & Proyer, R.T. (in press). Cross-cultural perspectives on agents and targets of ridicule: A Taiwanese and Swiss perspective In J. Milner Davis and J. V. Chey (Eds.) Chinese humor.Chlopicki, W., Radomska, A., Proyer, R. T., & Ruch, W. (2010). The assessment of the fear of being laughed at in Poland: Translation and first evaluation of the Polish GELOPH<15>. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 41, 172-181. doi:10.2478/v10059-010-0022-2 />Forabosco, G., Dore, M., Ruch, W. & Proyer, R. (2009). Psicopatologia della paura di essere deriso. Un’indagine sulla gelotofobia in Italia. Giornale di Psicologia, 3, 183-190.Führ, M., Proyer, R.T. & Ruch, W. (2009). Assessing the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia): First evaluation of the Danish GELOPH<15>. Nordic Psychology, 61, 62-73.Hrebickova, M., Fickova, E., Klementova, M., Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2009). Strach ze zesmesneni: Ceská a slovská verze dotazníku pro zjistovani gelotofobie [The fear of being laughed at: Czech and Slovak version of a questionnaire for gelotophobia]. Ceskoslovenska Psychologie, 53, 468-479.Kazarian, S. S., Ruch, W. & Proyer, R. T. (2009). Gelotophobia in the Lebanon: The Arabic version of a questionnaire for the subjective assessment of the fear of being laughed at. Arab Journal of Psychiatry, 20, 42-56.Platt, T., & Ruch, W. (2010). Gelotophobia and age: Do disposition towards ridicule and being laughed at predict coping with age-related vulnerabilities? Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52, 231-244.Platt, T., Proyer, R.T. & Ruch, W. (2009). Gelotophobia and bullying: The assessment of the fear of being laughed at and its application among bullying victims. Psychology Science Quarterly, 135-147.Platt, T. & Ruch, W. (2010). Gelotophobia and age: Do dispositions to ridicule and being laughed at predict coping with age-related vulnerabilities? Psychology Science Quarterly.Ruch, W., Proyer, R.T. & Popa, D.E. (2008). The fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia) and personality. Anuarul Institutului de Istorie “G. Baritiu” din Cluj-Napoca, Series Humanistica”, tom VI, 53-68.Samson, A. C., Proyer, R. T., Ceschi, G., Pedrini, P. P., & Ruch, W. (2011). The fear of being laughed at in Switzerland: Are there regional differences and the role of positive psychology. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 70, 53-62. doi:10.1024/1421-0185/a000039Samson, A. C., Thibault, P., Proyer, R. T., & Ruch, W. (2010). The subjective assessment of the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia): Adaptation of the French version of the GELOPH<15>. European Review of Applied Psychology/Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée, 60, 247-253.Sarid, O., Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2011). Gelotophobia in Israel: On the assessment of the fear of being laughed at. Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 48, 12-18.Stefanenko, E. A., Ivanova, E.M., Enikopolov, S.N., Proyer, R. T., & Ruch, W. (2011). Diagnosing the fear of being laughed at: Russian adaptation of the gelotophobia questionnaire [Диагностика страха выглядеть смешным: русскоязычная адаптация опросника гелотофобии]. Psychological Journal [Психологический журнал], 32, 94-108.Ujlaky, J., Proyer, R. T., & Ruch, W. (2012). The fear of being laughed at in Hungary: Assessing gelotophobia with the Hungarian version of the GELOPH<15>. In A. T. Litovkina, J. Sollosy, P. Medgyes, & W. Chlopicki (Eds.), Hungarian Humour (Humor and Culture Series: 3, pp. 271-283). Krakow, Poland: Tertium Society for the Promotion of Language Studies.Weitere Informationen|
|Keywords / Suchbegriffe||gelotophobia, gelotophilia, katagelasticism, fear, laughter, shame, adaptations, questionnaire|
|Project leadership and contacts /
Projektleitung und Kontakte
|Other links to external web pages||http://www.gelotophobia.org|
|Funding source(s) /
|Universität Zürich (position pursuing an academic career), No project-specific funding
|Duration of Project / Projektdauer||May 2008 to Jun 2011|