Fakultäten » Philosophische Fakultät » Sozialanthropologie und Empirische Kulturwissenschaft, Institut für » Völkerkundemuseum » Prof. Dr. Mareile Flitsch » Dallais

Completed research project

Title / Titel Bronislaw Pilsudski, Ethnography and Images of Sakhalin Island (1895–1905)
PDF Abstract (PDF, 14 KB)
Summary / Zusammenfassung Ethnohistorical photographs exhibition project. Bronislaw Pilsudski (1866–1918) elder brother of the famous Polish Marechal, became a convict sent to the Russian Far-East prison island of Sakhalin from 1887 to 1905). There, he had the opportunity to study the indigenous cultures and languages of the Nivkh, Ainu and Uilta peoples.
He succeeded to take more than 300 invaluable photographs in Sakhalin. Back to Europe in 1906, he started to publish the results of his research and sold some of his photographs to the leading ethnographical museums in Europe and also to the father of US anthropology Franz Boas. Pilsudski did visit Switzerland and did follow the course of Arnold Van Gennep during a semester at Neuchâtel University. Unfortunately, after his death in 1918 in Paris, his belongings were brought to Poland where they were destroyed during the Second World War.
All museums did buy only an incomplete part of his photographic collections and in many of these collections the information about the photographs is missing. The project is to compile all the 20 Pilsudski remaining photograph collections and to reconstruct the entire series of his photographs, research these images, and create a travelling exhibition out of these fascinating and unique images preceding the Japanese occupation of Sakhalin island (1906) which had a strong impact on the indigenous cultures. Pilsudski can be considered among the first Polish anthropologists, then followed by Bronislaw Malinowski and Maria Czaplicka.
Publications / Publikationen DALLAIS Philippe. 2001. « Bronisław Piłsudski in Switzerland and Piłsudski's original photograph collection in the Museum of ethnography of Neuchâtel », in : MAJEWICZ Alfred, WICHERKIEWICZ Thomasz (éds.), Bronisław Piłsudski and Futabatei Shimei. Materials of the Third International Conference on Bronisław Piłsudski and his Scholarly Heritage, Kraków-Zakopane (29/8 – 7/9 1999), pp. 301-321. Poznań : Wydawnictwo naukowe.

Weitere Informationen

Keywords / Suchbegriffe Bronislaw Pilsudski, Sakhalin island, Ainu, Nivkh, Uilta, Nanai, photography, visual anthropology
Project leadership and contacts /
Projektleitung und Kontakte
Philippe Dallais (Project Leader)
Prof. Dr. Flitsch Mareile
Other links to external web pages
Funding source(s) /
Unterstützt durch
Universität Zürich (position pursuing an academic career), Others
In collaboration with /
In Zusammenarbeit mit
Museums and scholars from Europe, Russian, Japan, and United States
Duration of Project / Projektdauer Mar 2006 to Feb 2014